It is a surgical procedure used for weight loss and other medical purposes. It is performed using laparoscopy which involves inserting tiny instruments through multiple small incisions in the upper abdomen.
It has 3 types:
Total Gastric Sleeve: where the stomach is completely removed.
Partial Gastric Sleeve: only part of the stomach is removed, usually the lower part.
Left-sided Gastric Sleeve: The left part of the stomach is removed.
The patient receives general anesthesia before starting the surgery, then the desired part of the stomach is removed.
The operation takes about one to two hours and the patient will be monitored by doctors for any complications.
After surgery the patient needs a period of rest, with a diet that starts with non-carbonated and sugar-free liquids, during the first seven days, then he can eat mashed and light food on the stomach for three weeks, and after the fourth week he can eat normal food.
It also requires taking several vitamins and nutritional supplements containing calcium, in addition to taking vitamin B12 injections once a month, for life.
Gastric Sleeve is performed to protect the patient from several diseases, including high cholesterol, obstructive sleep apnea, stroke, cancer, and infertility.
This technique is used in severe conditions like if the body mass is about 40%.
The patient should also be prepared to undertake a long-term diet to maintain his health by following up with a specialist doctor.
One of the advantages of reducing the size of the stomach is to determine the amount of food a person eats through hormonal changes, and these hormonal changes help reduce diseases, such as high blood pressure or heart disease.