Is it a disease that warrants concern?!
We often hear the term gynecomastia, but what is it and what causes it?
Gynecomastia is an increase in the tissue of a man’s mammary cells, and the accumulation of fat in them, and it results from a hormonal disorder, where the proportion of estrogen exceeds the proportion of testosterone, and this disorder can occur in one or both breasts, or in different proportions.
Regardless of the main cause of hormonal imbalance, other reasons can lead to this, such as:
- Alcoholic beverages.
- Some medications, such as depression medications, heart medications, immunodeficiency medications, and others.
- Getting old.
- Some types of herbs such as lavender and tea tree oil.
It is necessary to distinguish the degree of gynecomastia to see if it is normal or requires treatment or surgery.
There are three degrees of Gynecomastia:
1- First degree the appearance of small, inconspicuous breasts.
2- In the second degree, it becomes more like the breast of a virgin girl.
3- In the third degree, the breast is clear, and this stage indicates the presence of a fold under it.
The patient can identify the presence of his gynecomastia problem (especially if it is in the first degrees and is not clear in shape) through some symptoms that indicate this, such as:
- Feeling of pain in the breast.
- Breast swelling and discharge.
- Enlargement of the nipple size and protrusion (as the enlargement of cells and tissues pushes it out and appears larger).
- The appearance of a fold under the breast in the third degree.
Here, diagnosis and examination are required to confirm, where a blood sample is taken and hormones, liver and thyroid levels are checked.
And if it is confirmed that there is a case of gynecomastia, it is also worth making sure of its type, as the surgery depends on the type of this gynecomastia.
Are you wondering what types of gynecomastia are? Let’s review them together!
1- False Gynecomastia: This type is often prevalent in overweight people, as fat accumulates in the chest area, under the cells, while the breast cells remain in their normal size.
Here, the treatment is often by liposuction, where a small incision can be made on the side of the pectoral muscle, allowing the passage of liquid that increases the volume of fatty tissue to be suctioned easily afterwards.
2- Real Gynecomastia: This is the natural gynecomastia in which the breast cells increase in size and cause it to appear as a female breast.
And here it is not possible to treat with suction only, because the cause is glandular, and the glandular tissues are very solid and durable, and it is worth removing the male mammary gland itself, by making an incision, (called the excision of the male gynecomastia).
In addition to removing the gland and glandular tissue, liposuction and nipple reduction are performed, since gynecomastia causes an increase in its size, in addition to the possibility of breast reduction, in third-degree cases.
3- Post Gynecomastia surgery:
In cases of treating pseudo-gynecomastia, through liposuction, the matter is less complicated and can be performed in an outpatient setting.
In the case of a surgical procedure, for true gynecomastia, it is necessary to stay in the hospital, as it is performed under general anesthesia and monitoring is required afterwards.
The patient must adhere to the doctor’s instructions for him, in terms of resting for several weeks, not exercising and violent movements. It is also necessary to wear a compression belt (pressure jacket), especially in the early stages after surgery, as it helps to tighten and reduce bruising and swelling significantly.
Do you feel any of the symptoms mentioned? Do you suspect that you have a gynecomastia problem or are you sure that it exists, but you are hesitant and feel embarrassed?!
Don’t hesitate… Beauty valleys Clinic is here to help you and find the perfect expert for your treatment! Contact for more Information!